In olden day Japan, the country was run by a leader and different dynamos which here like clans, the daimyo waged wars between each other to become stronger however during an outside threats they would join together, this wasn’t always the case as sometimes some clans declined to join wars because other clan joined. This brought consequences like trade embargo etc..
The samurai armour depended on the clan as well as the rank of the samurai. Some samurai wore wooden chest plates and arm guards where some only wore clot clothing.
Bushin war area research:
The bushing war was a civil war between the imperials and shogun which were technologically apart where the shogun believed in katanas and old believes where the imperial belief in technological advancement and industrial revolutionary
The name of the project is psychopath and I’m making a motion comic, slow-motion animation where the elements, movements and background move very slowly to imply an action and not fully complete the action. I’m going to make this using photoshop, after effects, and premier pro for final touches and sound. the style of the animation will be something close to Japanese ink drawings with my own take at them, where I will make the drawings feel more like watercolour as well as Stalinising them with this old, warned out look.
The main focus of the animation is art style and story telling. The story will be about civil war in japan in 1886 as the imperial japan tries to end the times of the samurai.
My starting point is the interest in Eastern culture and rising attention from the west side of the world, as people are becoming more interested in learning and exploring eastern culture. The film last samurai helped me choose the period of time and what I wanted to do for my project. It inspired me to learn more about the Japanese civil war as well as about their life back then and how the modern and old japan fought with it self. The war was between the imperial court and the shogunate(samurai). The story is about a samurai who’s father died in battle as being the oldest son he inherits the clan as well as his fathers katana. Going through battles and countless killings he changes, as he changes his guards and friends turn away and leave, the character turns into a psychopath killing and killing not to protect but to kill for fun to forget his pain from lost ones and those who turned away form him forgetting about the war, his brother, who has turned sides, will kill him at the end where there will be a shot of him kneeing on the floor in front of his brother with a katana pierced through him he will cry and slowly the frame will start being portioned into bits that fly off shattering the image. The story will be narrated thought his brother saying it example”there was a man” I will voice the animation in Japanese and do english subtitles. The colour of the animation will be black and white which important part will be underlined with red like blood, mood, leaves which signify the message.
2d animation Research:
Example of animation boiling: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gnB6xvmIfY0
Animation boiling is when the animation art style bounces around. Its mostly used by cartoon and simple animation to make the character or object look like its moving.
Processes of animation:
The first step of successful animation is making a storyboard or storyboards that you can represent your idea and see how will it work as well as think about the effect, sound effect, transitions, lighting, staging ,props. When you are making your animation you can always look back at it and see if what you making now is the same as you were planning to do so.
Then you can start thinking about possible voice over or soundtrack to help you support your idea as well as help representing it to your audience, this is the time to start thinking about your target audience and what changes you should make to make it more suitable for the chosen target audience.
Start drawing sketches for you animation and your props as well as characters and backgrounds and see how you can make sure to keep the style of the drawings consistent. After sketching out different poses, emotion, face expressions, movements you can start making the characters and props for the animation, following your story board and looking at your sketches to make sure you follow the plan and story you laid out.
In the old days they had 24 drawings for 1 frame to create smooth movement as well as separating the background from the character to show the movement, they would switch the drawings of the character and take a picture, change to the next drawing take a picture, then they will swap the background when needed for the transition.
The 12 principles of animations are basic rules for animating.
For example having physics and making something look realistic needs to apply to real world action. Like a ball bouncing around and hitting objects or walls need to squash and stretch so the ball looks like its hitting a hard object applying pressure and making it look like the objects have a fill instead of feeling empty. This was one of the principles the others are:
- Straight Ahead Action and Pose to Pose
- Follow Through and Overlapping Action
- Slow In and Slow Out
- Secondary Action
- Solid drawing
For character movement and action as well as face expression its easy to us a bone rig tool or parent tool to create smooth movement as well as saving time moving each anchor point on the character. These tool make a connection with 2 anchor points on 2 objects pulling the object connected to it.
These principles and tools apply to stop motion animation as well as 3d and CGI.
This is Kimi no na wa (Your name) directed by Makoto Shinkai Is a modern 2d animation aka anime film. This is high budget production anime that uses 2d hand draw animation with added cgi elements and effect to make it look semi-3d at times.
This animation use music and character interacting with each other to create sympathy and make the audience attracted to the characters and story. The animation also use music which now every single production film has because it helps to create atmosphere and make the audience feel the way the narrators wants.
The two animation are far apart from each other in age however they are still both 2d animation. Kimi no na wa attract audience with its sound, animation style and music where tom and jerry is old and well known attracting audience was easier back then because it was something new.
It uses very complex techniques like reflection, and it uses skeletal animation to make sure each part of the body feels and move realisticly and having laws of physics.
These are different animation styles. For this assignment we were asked to do a 2d animation it can either be traditional or vector based.
One punch man is a westernised animation that got really famous for its story and the animation style of fight scenes and the way that characters express themselves. The animation is a 2d animation that tricks the viewers into thinking some parts are 3d.
The story is original and fresh. Its about a super hero that is insanely strong defeating enemies with just one punch. The story seems boring however its not because the character makes himself look like he is just stealing other peoples. credit, making the show take twists and turns.
Adobe after effects is a program that is very good to use for 2d animation because its simplistic, it support 3 party add ons and it contains already scripted commands for example a sphere package where the user can insert a mesh and it will change that mesh into a sphere, it also fills in the timeline for the user to complete the animation.
HARMONY ADVANCED is a software that can be used instead of adobe after effects is something that the professionals use to create animation and short animated films.
ANIME STUDIO is another animating program that even support unreal engine that is a game engine however its still and good program just to create character movement because it has really good skeleton system where the user can move parts of the body and record for the animation.
Double layer exposure:
Double layer exposure, double layer exposure is putting different layers to an image. This makes the front layer transparent in certain places a which shows the image behind it. This can be done using masks in photoshop. This is a similar style to what I will do for my animation which will be a watercolour abstract using the overlay on the water colour to create layers of 2d image.
Is a animation technique where there are 3 different layers that move at a different speed to create a effect that makes a moving effect. Parallax scrolling is used in a lot of retro games like sonic the hedgehog with quick movement as it makes the game feel like its moving around vertically instead of staying on the same background. Its also some times used in web designs to create moving like sites.
With my abstract water colour technique i can make the water colour transition between frames in after effects.
Here is an example of transition between frames in the animation
This transition is a blend of the abstract watercolour. This makes the frames transition correctly and smoothly between them.
This is the front picture im going to use on my fmp show reel. This was peace for experimenting with my animation style.,
This is the bones of the peace I do general lines drawn with the dissolve brush in photoshop using a drawing tablet.
This is what the final frame looks like after in applied the effects which i have explained earlier.
This is another frame that I have done using the same technique which uses abstract ink art to create a blend between layers of the water colour and the ink.
Abstract water paintings:
image example: reference https://graphicriver.net/item/abstract-watercolor-ink-photoshop-action/20953880
I’m mixing this technique with Japanese ink drawings to make a abstract image. All my frames are done digital using the dissolve brush to draw the the lines and actual drawings. Then i use an image of water colour that i can find on the internet or make myself with water colour paint on a piece of paper. I fully saturate it of colour then put mess around with contrast and brightness this depends a lot on the frame to see how bright it should be or how dark. I apply a Gaussian blur to the drawing to blur out the dissolve lines which creates this rough line finish. Then I set the drawing to overlay mode which overlays the water colour making it abstract.
History about the bushin war.
|Title||A Guide to the Japanese Civil War: The Boshin War Of 1868|
Japanese Ink Painting: “The Art of Sumi-e” by Noami Okamoto
“Boshin senshi” By Shizan Kawasaki History book
Film “The Last Samurai” Directed by Edward Zwick
Book about the japanese civil war and how people lived in those times.
Japanese ink drawings
Artist JungShan does a lot of Japanese ink drawings with humans.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wX8yRYGzSi8 by Shozo Sato
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3qrr6JosLbI beginners guide on how to use the brush in painting with the japanese style
Abstract water colour paintings
Abstract water colour in photoshop
Motion comic animation
This is very close to what I am trying to achive this slow movement that implies action but doesn’t complete the motion fully. This is also very similair to paralax scrolling. Superman :Red son
DC “Watchmen” motion comis part 1 and 2