Animation boiling.

Example of animation boiling:

Animation boiling is when the animation art style bounces around. Its mostly used by cartoon and simple animation to make the character or object look like its moving.


Processes of animation:

The first step of successful animation is making a storyboard or storyboards that you can represent your idea and see how will it work as well as think about the effect, sound effect, transitions, lighting, staging ,props. When you are making your animation you can always look back at it and see if what you making now is the same as you were planning to do so.

Then you can start thinking about possible voice over or soundtrack to help you support your idea as well as help representing it to your audience, this is the time to start thinking about your target audience and what changes you should make to make it more suitable for the chosen target audience.

Start drawing sketches for you animation and your props as well as characters and backgrounds and see how you can make sure to keep the style of the drawings consistent. After sketching out different poses, emotion, face expressions, movements you can start making the characters and props for the animation, following your story board and looking at your sketches to make sure you follow the plan and story you laid out.

In the old days they had 24 drawings for 1 frame to create smooth movement as well as separating the background from the character to show the movement, they would switch the drawings of the character and take a picture, change to the next drawing take a picture, then they will swap the background when needed for the transition.


Animation Timeline:


You can see that animation have gone long way with colour and how complex and detailed they get.


  • Traditional Animator (2D, Cel, Hand Drawn)
  • 2D Animation (Vector Based)
  • 3D Animation (CGI, Computer Animation)
  • Motion Graphics (Typography, Animated Logos)

Stop Motion (Claymation, Cut-Outs)

2 examples of 2d animations:

This is Tom and Jerry which first aired in 1940. This is one of the most successful animation till date.  The first episode was made in black and white and it was a really simple animation style, however it was really complex to make in those times, It was hand drawn on paper and then recorded page by page to create a moving animation. Now if you make a mistake you can just change or move a certain object in a software, back then you had to change everything after the mistake to make sure the rest of the animation fits.

The episode above is from 1954 where people started to adapt colour into their animations and use more complex techniques as well as making the animation more smooth by adding more frames,(pictures drawn a second) to make the animation feel more smooth and more enjoyable to watch. Exactly 24 frames per second is the best for 2d animation.

This cartoon does not involve the main characters speaking which makes this cartoon even more interesting because even as the times progressed and every movie started to use narrators or making characters speak and interact with each other tom and jerry did not keeping the tradition of the animation, yet still making us attracted to the character making them feel what we feel and sometimes relate to the show.

This is Kimi no na wa (Your name) directed by Makoto Shinkai Is a modern 2d animation aka anime film. This is high budget production anime that uses 2d hand draw animation with added cgi elements and effect to make it look semi-3d at times.

This animation use music and character interacting with each other to create sympathy and make the audience attracted to the characters and story. The animation also use music which now every single production film has because it helps to create atmosphere and make the audience feel the way the narrators wants.

The two animation are far apart from each other in age however they are still both 2d animation. Kimi no na wa attract audience with its sound, animation style and music where tom and jerry is old and well known attracting audience was easier back then because it was something new.

It uses very complex techniques like reflection, and it uses skeletal animation to make sure each part of the body feels and move realisticly and having laws of physics.

These are different animation styles. For this assignment we were asked to do a 2d animation it can either be traditional or vector based.

One punch man is a westernised animation that got really famous for its story and the animation style of fight scenes and the way that characters express themselves. The animation is a 2d animation that tricks the viewers into thinking some parts are 3d.

The story is original and fresh. Its about a super hero that is insanely strong defeating enemies with just one punch.  The story seems boring however its not because the character makes himself look like he is just stealing other peoples. credit, making the show take twists and turns.

Adobe after effects is a program that is very good to use for 2d animation because its simplistic, it support 3 party add ons and it contains already scripted commands for example a sphere package where the user can insert a mesh and it will change that mesh into a sphere, it also fills in the timeline for the user to complete the animation.

HARMONY ADVANCED is a  software that can be used instead  of adobe after effects is something that the professionals use to create animation and short animated films.

ANIME STUDIO is another animating program that even support unreal engine that is a game engine however its still and good program just to create character movement because it has really good skeleton system where the user can move parts of the body and record for the animation.

Hope can mean different thing for different people however the definitions I found on google were:

  • a feeling of expectation and desire for a particular thing to happen.
  • a feeling of trust.
  • want something to happen or be the case.

Hope to me means something that a person desires and hopes that he gets or something happens, it also show a sign that the person hasn’t given up he is having hope that it something can happen.

Hope can be something positive for example hoping that someone will get better or it can be something more negative like hoping that someones punishment will be severe.

In religion hope I can mean achieving something like in buddhism it can mean becoming enlightened or it can mean reaching heaven for christians.

In some cases it can also be something really simplistic like hoping that you will get a toy that you wanted for christmas. Hope in history was usually something to do with freedom, having hope for better living, in world wars people were hoping for peace and the stop of wars, we can also see this example when  obamas slogan for his presidential campaign was hope for a better future of america.

Why do we hope? Its a sign that a someone can be  a positive person, hoping makes some people happier and for some it gives a reason to live.

This years “film competition” is about hope. My first idea is about a street kitten that struggles to find food and goes through hard times however it doesn’t lose hope and it doesn’t surrender hoping for something good to happen and giving it a reason to live and carry on going.


There are 6 types of stop motion animations:

pixelation- uses either living things or human part of the body too move an object or form or create a scene with living organisms.

object animation – when you move an object and not show the human moving the object and the objects can not have facial expression or can not resemble living things

puppet – he process of filming puppets and other objects one frame at a time while incrementally moving or modifying them, giving the illusion of lifelike motion

cut out – cutout animation is a form of stop-motion animationusing flat characters, props and backgrounds cut from materials such as paper

Silhouette – Silhouette animation is animation in which the characters are only visible as black silhouettes.

claymationIn – animation stop motion animation is a cinematic process, or technique used to makes static objects appear as if they were moving. This technique is commonly used in claymation and puppet-based animation.


Kubo is a modern and one of the best examples if stop motion animation, it uses objects and puppet animation as well as cgi for effects to make a amazing effect. The best things in production of this stop motion is that the puppets face expression are not cgi created but 3 printed , and how well the cgi fit into the stop motion so the two animation types don’t clash together to take the spotlight, they balance each other out.

The standard frames per second for stop motion is 24, this make the animation speed not too fast and not too slow, just because its standard some stop motion experiment and try to fit different frames per second on stop motion animation, it mostly depends whats happening inside the animation it self and how much stuff and distraction is around it.

My stop motion animation is object animation, its about smarties forming the letter n, The animation is 5 seconds long and its a  object animation.


Stop motion Mood board.png




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